Dr Dafna Langgut is the director of the Laboratory of Archaeobotany and Ancient Environments at the Sonia and Marco Nadler Institute of Archaeology – Tel Aviv University. Langgut graduated from the Archaeology Department at Haifa University in 2008 where she carried out PhD research under the aegis of the Israeli Geological Survey (Jerusalem). Her dissertation dealt with vegetation and climate reconstruction based on fossilized pollen extracted from eastern Mediterranean marine cores from the last 90,000 years. Her results made possible the reconstruction of climate conditions for the last Glacial-Interglacial cycle in the Levantine region. During her postdoctoral studies Langgut established a detailed reconstruction of past environmental conditions during the Bronze and Iron Ages. According to her results the driest period occurred at the end of the Late Bronze Age and was the prime mover behind the “Late Bronze Crises” in the eastern Mediterranean.
Langgut also focus on the identification of botanical remains from archaeological sites (pollen, spores, fungi, wood and charcoal). Recently she was able to identify the exact botanical components of a royal Persian garden in Ramat Rahel site (near Jerusalem), where she identified local fruit and ornamental plants, imported trees from far-off lands including the citron (Etrog; Citrus medica) which marked its earliest appearance in the southern Levant.
Langgut is also a curator of the Archaeobotanical Collections (pollen, timber, charcoal and wood anatomical structure) of the Museum of Biological Anthropology (Steinhardt National Natural History Museum, Tel Aviv University).
Paleoclimate reconstruction in the Levantine region during prehistorical and historical periods.
Archaebotany – identification of botanical remains (pollen, wood and charcoal remains) in an archeological context: utilization patterns for living spaces, agricultural practices, diet, plant usage, ancient gardens, seasonality of site occupation.
Past relationship between human and environment such as the onset of agriculture, de- forestation, settlement history and pastoralism