Oren Tal, Ph.D. is a Professor of classical Near Eastern archaeology in the Jacob M. Alkow Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Cultures at Tel Aviv University. He is also the current Director of the Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project. His current research interests are the social, political and economic implications of the material culture of the Ancient Near East during the Iron Age II through the Byzantine periods. Tal is also engaged in the study of the early indigenous southern Levantine coinages and the development of monetary economy in the Levant, as well as ancient technologies. He is the author of Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine, Jerusalem: Bialik Institute (in Hebrew, 2006; rev. 2nd ed. 2009), and the co-author of Coinage of Philistia, Milan: Ennerre (2006). He has also co-authored the final excavation reports of Apollonia-Arusf (1999), ‘En Boqeq (2000) and Ramla (South) (2008). In addition, Tal has authored numerous scientific articles on the archaeology of Palestine and the ancient Near East from the Iron Age through the Crusader period.
Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Cultures / Institute of Archaeology
B.A. - Tel Aviv University, 1993
M.A. - Tel Aviv University, 1996
Ph.D. - Tel Aviv University, 2002
Ph.D. Dissertation: Aspects of the Study of the Material Culture of Hellenistic - Ptolemaic and Seleucid - Palestine
Post-Doctoral research visits - Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (DAI), Zentrale, Berlin; Institut für Klassische Archäologie, Freie Universität, Berlin; Institute of Classical Studies, School of Advanced Study, University of London, 2002-2004
Doctoral Instructor, Tel Aviv University, 2005-2007
Senior Lecturer, Tel Aviv University, 2007-2010
Associate Professor, Tel Aviv University, 2010-
Archaeological Field Work
Educational excavation at Tel Hadar and Mitcham Levi'a (Golan Heights), and Yavneh-Yam, 1991-1992
Area Supervisor, Yavneh-Yam and Apollonia-Arsuf excavations, 1992-1996
Archaeological Survey of Roman Roads in Palestine, under B. Isaac and I. Roll, 1992-1996
Director of rescue excavations at Herzliah Beth, 1995
Director of rescue excavations at Tel Hamid (Lower Terrace), 1995-1996
Director of the Parod and Beersheba (Galilee) survey and excavation, 1997
Co-Director of rescue excavations at Rishon LeZion (West), 1999
Director of rescue excavations at Ramla (South), 2005-2007
Director of the Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project, 2007-
Area of Research Specialization
Near Eastern, Classical and Medieval Archaeology
- Apollonia-Arsuf Excavation Project
- Hellenization and the East
- Indigenous Coinages of the Southern Levant
Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2008. Ramla (South): An Early Islamic Industrial Site and Remains of Previous Periods. Salvage Excavation Reports 5. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, Institute of Archaeology.
Tal, O. 2006. The Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine: Between Tradition and Renewal. Jerusalem: Bialik Institute. (Hebrew).
Tal, O. 2009. The Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine: Between Tradition and Renewal (Revised 2nd edition/electronic edition). Jerusalem: Bialik Institute. (Hebrew).
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2006. The Coinage of Philistia of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC: A Study of the Earliest Coins of Palestine. Collezioni Numismatiche 6. Milan: Ennerre.
Fischer, M., Gichon, M. and Tal, O. 2000. 'En Boqeq: Excavations in an Oasis on the Dead Sea. Volume II: The Officina - An Early Roman Building on the Dead Sea Shore. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern.
Roll, I. and Tal, O. 1999. Apollonia-Arsuf: Final Report of the Excavations. Volume I: The Persian and Hellenistic Periods (with Appendices on the Chalcolithic and Iron Age II Remains). Tel Aviv University, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 16. Tel Aviv.
Tal, O. 2011. The Last Supper at Apollonia: The Final Days of the Crusader Castle in Herzliya. Tel Aviv: Eretz Israel Museum (Bi-lingual Hebrew/English).
Roll, I., Tal, O. and Winter, M. 2007. The Encounter of Crusaders and Muslims in Palestine as Reflected in Arsuf, Sayyiduna 'Ali and Other Coastal Sites. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz HaMeuchad. (Hebrew).
Tal, O. 2013. Aspects in the Study of the Coins and Mints of Palestine during the Persian and Early Hellenistic Periods. Cathedra 150: 23-36. (Hebrew).
Tal, O., Taxel, I. and Jackson-Tal, R. 2013. Khirbet al-Ḥadra: More On Refuse Disposal Practices in Early Islamic Palestine and Their Socio-Economic Implications. Strata: The Bulletin of the Anglo-Israel Archaeological Society 31: 117-148.
Tal, O., Kool, R. and Baidoun, I. 2013. A Hoard Twice Buried? Fatimid Gold from Thirteenth Century Crusader Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf). Numismatic Chronicle 173: 261-292.
Ayalon, E., Tal, O. and Yehuda, L. 2013. A Twelfth Century Oil Press Complex at the Crusader Town of Arsur (Apollonia) and the Olive Oil Industry in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies 1/4: 259-291.
Jackson-Tal, R.-E. and Tal, O. 2013. Crusader Glass in Context: The Destruction of Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel), April 1265. Journal of Glass Study 55: 85-100.
Ashkenazi, D., Fischer, M., Stern, A. and Tal, O. 2013. Technology of an Ancient Ship Brazier: A Unique Example from the Southern Levant. Skyllis 12/1: 85-93.
Ashkenazi, D., Golan, O. and Tal, O. 2013. An Archaeometallurgical Study of 13th-Century Arrowheads and Bolts from the Crusader Castle of Arsuf/Arsur. Archaeometry 55/2: 235-257.
Tal, O. 2012. Greek Coinages of Palestine. In: Metcalf, W. E. ed. The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Pp. 252-274.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2012. Judah and Its Neighbors in the Fourth Century BCE: A Time of Major Transformations. In: Unsok Ro, J. ed. From Judah to Judaea: Socio-Economic Structures and Processes in the Persian Period. Hebrew Bible Monographs 43. Sheffield: Sheffield Phoenix Press. Pp. 133-196.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2012. Some Notes on the Relative Chronology of the Fifth- and Fourth-Century BCE Coinage of Philistia. Israel Numismatic Research 7: 7-15.
Tal, O. and Teixeira Bastos, M. 2012. Intentionally Broken Discus Lamps from Roman Apollonia: A New Interpretation. Tel Aviv 39: 105-115.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2012. The Canonization of the Pentateuch: When and Why? Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 124/1 (Part I): 1-18; 124/2 (Part II): 201-212.
Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2012. Socio-Political and Economic Aspects of Refuse Disposal in Late Byzantine and Early Islamic Palestine. In: Matthews, R., Curtis, J., et al. eds. Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, 12-16, April 2010. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz GmbH & Co. Pp. 497-518.
Ashkenazi, D., Iddan, N. and Tal, O. 2012. Archaeometallurgical Characterization of Hellenistic Metal Objects: The Contribution of the Bronze Objects from Rishon Le-Zion (Israel). Archaeometry 54/3: 528-548.
Tal, O. 2011. 'Hellenistic Foundations' in Palestine. In: Grabbe, L.L. and Lipschits, O. eds. Judah between East and West: The Transition from Persian to Greek Rule (ca. 400-200 BCE). Library of Second Temple Studies 75. New York and London: T&T Clark. Pp. 242-254.
Ponting, M., Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2011. Who Minted Those Owls? Metallurgical Analyses of Athenian-styled Tetradrachms Found in Israel. Revue Belge de Numismatique et de Sigillographie 157: 117-134.
Tal, O. 2011. Negotiating Identity in an International Context under Achaemenid Rule: The Indigenous Persian-period Coinages of Palestine as an Allegory. In: Lipschits, O., Knoppers, G. N. and Oeming, M. eds. The Judeans in the Achaemenid Age: Negotiating Identity in an International Context. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns. Pp. 445-459.
Tal, O. and Taxel, I. 2010. A Re-appraisal of the Archaeological Findings at Tel Hashash: On the Archaeology of the Yarqon Estuary from Classical Times to Late Antiquity. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 142: 95-126.
Tal, O. and Baidoun, I. 2010. A Hoard of Mamluk, Ottoman and Venetian Coins (Fifteenth to Sixteenth Centuries) from Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel. Numismatic Chronicle 170: 484-493.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2010. Reassessing the Date of the Beginning of the Grey Series Transport Amphorae from Lesbos. BABESCH: Annual Papers on Mediterranean Archaeology 85: 1-12.
Tal, O. 2009. A Winepress at Apollonia-Arsuf: More Evidence on the Samaritan Presence in Roman-Byzantine Southern Sharon. Liber Annuus 59: 319-342.
Tal, O. 2009. A Portable Sundial from Byzantine Apollonia-Arsuf / Sozousa? Semitica et Classica [formerly Semitica] 2: 91-96.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2009. Navigating Between the Powers: Joppa and Its Vicinity in the 1st Millennium B.C.E. Ugarit-Forschungen 40: 225-276.
Gitler, H., Ponting, M. and Tal, O. 2009. Athenian Tetradrachms from Tel Mikhal (Israel): A Metallurgical Perspective. American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series 21: 29-49.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2009. Re-discovering the Iron Age Fortress at Tell Qudadi in the Context of the Neo-Assyrian Imperialistic Policies. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 141: 188-206.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2009. More Evidence on the Collective Mint of Philistia. Israel Numismatic Research 4: 21-37.
Tal, O. 2009. Hellenism in Transition from Empire to Kingdom: Changes in the Material Culture of Hellenistic Palestine. In: Levine, L.I. and Schwartz, D.R. eds. Jewish Identities in Antiquity: Studies in Memory of Menahem Stern. Texte und Studien zum Antiken Judentum 130. Tübingen. Pp. 55-73.
Tal, O. 2009. On the Identification of the Ships of kzd/ry of the Erased Customs Account from Elephantine. Journal of Near Eastern Studies 68: 1-8.
Tal, O. and Fantalkin, A. 2009. The Area of Tel Aviv in the First Millennium BCE: Between Kingdoms and Empires. In: Ayalon, E. ed. The Hidden History of Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv. Pp. 81-111. (Hebrew).
Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2009. A New Greek Inscription from Byzantine Apollonia-Arsuf / Sozousa: A Reassessment of the Eis Teos Monos Inscriptions of Palestine. Scripta Classica Israelica 28: 139-147.
Galor, K., Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2009. Apollonia-Arsuf: Between Past and Future. Near Eastern Archaeology 72: 4-27.
Tal, O. 2008. Cult in Transition from Achaemenid to Greek Rule: The Contribution of Achaemenid-Ptolemaic Temples of Palestine. Transeuphratène 36: 165-183.
Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2008. A Villa of the Early Roman Period at Apollonia-Arsuf. Israel Exploration Journal 58: 132-149.
Gitler, H., Ponting, M. and Tal, O. 2008. Metallurgical Analysis of Southern Palestinian Coins of the Persian Period. Israel Numismatic Research 3: 13-27.
Freestone, I.C., Jackson-Tal, R.E. and Tal, O. 2008. Raw Glass and the Production of Glass Vessels at Late Byzantine Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel. Journal of Glass Study 50: 67-80.
Tal, O., Jackson-Tal, R.E. and Freestone, I.C. 2008. Glass from a Late Byzantine Secondary Workshop at Ramla (South), Israel. Journal of Glass Study 50: 81-95.
Fischer, M., Roll, I. and Tal, O. 2008. Persian and Hellenistic Remains at Tel Ya'oz. Tel Aviv 35: 123-163.
Tal, O. 2007. Coin Denominations and Weight Standards in Fourth-Century BCE Palestine. Israel Numismatic Research 2: 17-28.
Gitler, H., Tal, O. and van Alfen, P. 2007. Silver Dome-shaped Coins from Persian-period Southern Palestine. Israel Numismatic Research 2: 47-62.
Tal, O. 2007. Some Observations on the Manufacturing Traditions in the Wooden and Stone Vessel Industry in Hellenistic Palestine. Topoi Supplément 8: 173-187.
Tal, O. 2007. Eretz-Israel during the Hellenistic Period: An Archaeological Perspective. Qadmoniot 133: 2-14. (Hebrew).
Tal, O. 2007. [Several Chapters]. In: Beit-Arieh, I. ed. Horvat 'Uza and Horvat Radum: Two Fortresses in the Biblical Negev. Tel Aviv University, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 25. Tel Aviv.
Lipschits, O. and Tal, O. 2007. The Settlement Archaeology of the Province of Judah: A Case Study. In: Lipschits, O., Knoppers, G. and Albertz, R. eds. Judah and the Judeans in the Fourth Century B.C.E. Winona Lake. Pp. 33-52.
Gitler, H. and Tal, O. 2006. Coins with the Aramaic Legend Shrw and Other Unrecorded Samarian Issues. Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau 85: 47-68.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2006. Redating Lachish Level I: Identifying Achaemenid Imperial Policy at the Southern Frontier of the Fifth Satrapy. In: Lipschits, O. and Oeming, M. eds. Judah and the Judeans in the Persian Period. Winona Lake. Pp. 167-197.
Tal, O. 2005. Some Remarks on the Coastal Plain of Palestine under Achaemenid Rule - An Archaeological Synopsis. Persika 6: 71-96.
Tal, O. 2005. Persian Period Remains at Rishon Le-Zion. Salvage Excavation Reports 2: 30-37.
Tal, O., Jackson-Tal, R.E. and Freestone, I.C. 2004. New Evidence of the Production of Raw Glass at Late Byzantine Apollonia-Arsuf, Israel. Journal of Glass Study 46: 51-66.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2004. The Persian and Hellenistic Pottery of Level I. In: Ussishkin, D. ed. The Renewed Archaeological Excavations at Lachish 1973-1994. Tel Aviv University, Monograph Series of the Institute of Archaeology 22. Tel Aviv. Pp. 2174-2194.
Tal, O. 2003. On the Origin and Concept of the Loculi Tombs of Hellenistic Palestine. Ancient West & East 2: 288-307.
Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2003. The 'Yannai Line' (BJ I, 99-100; AJ XIII, 390-91): Reality or Fiction? Palestine Exploration Quarterly 135: 108-123.
Tal, O. 2003. Some Cultural Trends in Plain Black Attic Imports Found in the Coastal Plain of Palestine. In: Schmaltz, B. and Söldner, M. eds. Griechische Keramik im kulturellen Kontext. Akten des Internationalen Vasen-Symposions in Kiel vom 24.bis 28.9.2001. Münster. Pp. 271-273.
Fischer, M. and Tal, O. 2003. Architectural Decoration in Ancient Israel in Hellenistic Times: Some Aspects of Hellenization. Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins 119: 19-37.
Fischer, M. and Tal, O. 2003. A Fourth-Century BCE Attic Marble Totenmahlrelief at Apollonia-Arsuf. Israel Exploration Journal 53: 49-60.
Barkay, G., Fantalkin, A. and Tal, O. 2002. A Late Iron Age Fortress North of Jerusalem. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 328: 49-71.
Academic Awards, Honors and Prizes (internal grants are excluded):
2013-2014: The Israel Institute for Advanced Studies (IIAS) at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Collaborative Research Group: Contextualizing the Cult of the Southern Levant in the Greco-Roman Period: Monotheism and Polytheism between Continuity and Change (09/2013-06/2014; co-initiator/organizer (with Z. Weiss, Hebrew University of Jerusalem; http://www.as.huji.ac.il/research_groups)
2012-2014: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) - “Research Grant” (GZ: SCHO 520/14-1) for Die kreuzfahrerzeitliche Stadt Apollonia/Arsur in Israel: Struktur - Kulturadaption - Stadt-Umland-Beziehungen (with B. Scholkmann, University of Tübingen)
2012- : Israel Science Foundation (ISF) - Personal Research Grants
2011: Eretz Israel Museum temporary exhibition: The Last Supper at Apollonia: The Final Days of the Crusader Castle in Herzliya (May-September 2011)
2011: Sub-awards in the frame of academic collaboration with the Israel Nature and Parks Authority, Israel Museum, Jerusalem and the Israel Antiquities Authority
2010-2009: Sub-award in the frame of academic collaboration with Brown University in National Science Foundation (NSF) Funded Research Project: III-CXT-Core Large: Computer Vision Research: Promoting Paradigm Shifts in Archaeology (Grant #0808718)
2009: “2009 Ish Shalom Award” - Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi (for an outstanding “first-fruit” monograph on the research of the history of the Land of Israel of a young scholar: The Archaeology of Hellenistic Palestine: Between Tradition and Renewal, Jerusalem: The Bialik Institute)
2009: German-Israeli Foundation (GIF) - Young Scientists’ Program - “Research Grant”
2007: “2007 Kindler Award” - Israel Numismatic Society (for an outstanding numismatic monograph: The Coinage of Philistia of the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC: A Study of the Earliest Coins of Palestine, Collezioni Numismatiche 6, Milan: Ennerre (co-authored with H. Gitler)
2006-2004: The Shelby White-Leon Levy Program for Archaeological Publications - “Research Grants” (with A. Fantalkin)
2006-2004: The Mediterranean Archaeological Trust - “Research Grant” (with A. Fantalkin)
Doctoral and Post-doctoral Fellowships:
2003-2004: “Rothschild (post-doctoral) Fellowship” - Yad HaNadiv
2002-2004: “Minerva (post-doctoral) Fellowship” - Max-Planck-Gesellschaft / Minerva Stiftung
1998-2000: “Rotenstreich Fellowship” (doctoral fellowship) - Israeli Council for Higher Education
1998: “Pinchas and Shendel Wald Award” (doctoral fellowship) - The Zalman Shazar Center for Jewish History (Jerusalem)
Lee Perry, 2011. The Route Network and Sites in Southern Palestine between the Rule of Alexander Jannaeus (104 BCE) and the Foundation of Provincia Arabia (106 CE) as a Case-study for the Understanding of Judaean-Nabataean Interactions (co-supervisor - M. Fischer).
Marcio Teixeira Bastos, 2011. Early Christianization in Roman Palestine: The Case of Apollonia-Arsuf (co-supervisor - M.I.D.A. Fleming [University of Sao Paulo]).
Ido Gordin, 2013. The Architectural Origins of the Crusader Castle of Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf) (co-supervisor - A.J. Boas [University of Haifa]).
Eriola Jakoel, 2013. Tombs and Burials in Jaffa (Joppa) during the Roman Period (1st Century BCE – 4th Century CE).
Itai El'ad, in preparation. A Late Roman-Byzantine Villa at Herzliyah Beth.
Miriam Pines, in preparation. Crusader Diet: Arsur (Apollonia-Arsuf) as a Case Study in War and Peace (co-supervisor - L. Sapir-Hen).
Reuven Vunsh, in preparation. East Mediterranean Late Holocene Relative Sea-Level Changes Based on Archaeological Indicators from the Coast of Israel (co-supervisor - D. Sivan [University of Haifa]).
Meir Edrey, in preparation. Phoenicians in the Eastern Mediterranean under Achaemenid and Greek Rule: Social and Cultural Perspectives in Light of Archaeological Research (Universitaet Mainz, co-supervisors - R. Buhl, W. Zwickel).
Dan Mirkin, in preparation. Inter-relations between Land and Sea during the Crusader Period: Handling of Marine Cargo, Humans and Animals in the Southern Levant during the 11th-13th Centuries (co-supervisor - Y. Kahanov [University of Haifa]).
Rafael Netzer, in preparation. Hellenistic Maresha/Marisa: Food Production of the Agricultural Territory versus Food Consumption of the Local Population. An Attempt to Develop an Eco- Agricultural Archaeological Model.
Academic Host of Foreign Ph.D. Students
Fabio Porzia, in preparation. The Progressive Jewish Identity during the Hellenistic Period (Pontificio Istituto Biblico, Rome) [In the frame of a research scholarship for the academic year 2012-2013 at Tel Aviv University from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cultural & Scientific Affairs Department]
Marcio Texeira Bastos, in preparation. The Analysis and Spatial Distribution of Roman Provincial Discus Lamps: The Case of Palestine and North Africa (Universidade de São Paulo) [In the frame of a research scholarship for the academic year 2012-2013 at Tel Aviv University from Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo]
Rafael Lewis, 2013-2014. The Survey of the Battle of Arsuf and the Field Camps of the Crusades (Academic Secretariat, Tel Aviv University).
Itamar Taxel, 2012-2014. The Archaeology and History of the Samaritan Settlement outside Samaria (ca. 150-800 CE) (Israel Science Foundation-funded project).
Elisabeth Yehuda, 2012-2014. The Crusader Town of Apollonia/Arsur (Israel): Structure - Cultural Adaptation - Urban-Rural Relations (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft-funded project).